Then, if youre planning to quilt the project yourself, youll baste the layers together, using thread if youll be hand quilting or safety pins if youll be machine quilting. This is a personal decision based on the finished look you want to achieve. **We use Warm and Natural Batting. Add Tip Ask Question Comment Download. If you continue to use this site we will assume that you are happy with it. Happy Quilting! It is much heavier and a bit stiffer in terms of drape. You would need to check with the quilter for their specific requirements. So 3 to 4 inches more on the top and 3 to 4 inches more on the bottom than the quilt top is absolutely necessary just to get it loaded on the machine. You don't want to add fabric in a way that will look awkward. To determine how much backing fabric you need, keep in mind that all sides of a quilt back should be at least 4″ longer than your quilt top. For example, the lap-size top is 45″ x 66″. If your quilt is larger than the table, be sure the top and one side are aligned with the edges, clamp around and baste what is on the surface. I've had the back fold under and get quilted in with the top, if that makes sense to you. High loft means ¾” - 1” thick and will be great for thicker comforters and blankets—anything you want to make warmer with the extra thickness of the batting. If you start out with a backing that is the same size or just a little bit bigger than the top you don’t leave room to attach it and still quilt the whole quilt. Should I press my quilt top and back prior to having it quilted? You want your batting to be larger than your quilt top (front) by about 4″ bigger than the length and height and slightly smaller than your quilt back. That type of binding is not as durable as double-fold binding but is an option for quilts that won't receive heavy use. If I get a quilt in and see the backing is not big enough I can add muslin to the edges so that I can load it into the machine, I will charge extra for that obviously and I will not guarantee that none of the muslin shows on the edges of the quilt after trimming. We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. You can get away with minimal quilting while still having a quilt that won’t fall apart after the first wash. This is a close up of the Quilting Safety Pins that we use. Bigger is OK but it should not be smaller. And this last image shows what it looks like if you have plenty of backing fabric at the bottom also. Prepare and press the quilt backing. Secure the backing fabric to the surface at regular intervals. This does’t cost you anything extra, but it does help me greatly. If the package states the quilting distance is 10 inches, then that batting is pretty stable. Smooth out the pieced quilt on top of the other two layers. Do the same for the border fabric. *LOL*  Unfortunately no we are not. That depends on a couple of important questions. *BACK SIZE QUEEN or larger: Cut your backing and batting at least 4” wider and longer than your quilt top on EACH SIDE. This measurement would then be multipied by the price per square inch (ppsi) to calculate the cost of machine quilting before thread, batting and tax are added on. Seams should be pressed open and lie flat. Now let’s talk backs. By visiting our site, you agree to our privacy policy regarding cookies, tracking statistics, etc. In this first of a series of blog posts I would like to address some questions that I’ve heard people ask about long arm quilting. Pin your border to your quilt working outward from the center to the ends. Example – 60” x … Cut your batting and backing at least 2” bigger than your Quilt Top all the way around Make sure your fabric is flat when cutting your backing and batting. However, the backing and batting may need to be 7-9 inches larger than the quilt top … Now lay the top right side up matching the middles of the sides to the backing. Advertisement – I receive a small commission from purchases  made thru this link. Add 8 inches to both measurements to make sure you have an extra 4 inches all the way around to make allowance for the fabric that is taken up in the quilting process as well as having adequate fabric for the quilting frame. What if you don’t have enough fabric to make the backing bigger than the quilt top? And lets. (They both just need to be a few inches larger on all sides than the quilt top.) Crib-Size Quilt Batting. One of the big things that people always hear from the longarm quilter – I must have the backing 3 to 4 inches bigger than the quilt top on all 4 sides. Just follow the 6" bigger or 8" bigger rule. That is because your quilter will use that fabric to attach the quilt to the bars and side clamps of their frame. Trimming threads, pressing seams, measuring & cutting borders all go a long way in helping turn your quilt top into a lasting heirloom to be enjoyed by many generations. Ask your quilter -- she might want more. I do my best to enhance your quilt but the real magic begins at home with you the sewer. Your quilt batting will be always a bit larger in dimension than your quilt top to allow for overhang during quilting. Painter’s tape Flatter smoothing spray or some type of starch. They are curved which make it easier to pin Say that your pieced quilt top is 40” x 60”. Try to avoid placing the pins where you'll be stitching. I know if you are quilting by hand or on a domestic sewing machine you don’t have to have the backing and the batting larger because you’re pinning the layers together, you don’t have it attached to the machine itself like we do with the longarm. They typically have three horizontal bars (some have 4) two of them are what the backing is attached to, bottom and top. For this project you will need 1 ¼ yards of fabric for the back. (8” total. As you sew on multiple borders your quilt will need to be remeasured before starting a new set. The backing is another 2” on each side, adding another 4” to the batting size (and 8” to the pieced top size) so it is 48” x 68”. But it also means that same quilt could be stiff if you added lots of quilting to it thanks to the batting’s stable properties. Especially if you are loading it lengthwise. So if your quilt top measures 50″ x 50″, your backing must be at least 58″ x 58″. 2. The more space you give around the edge of the quilt the easier it’s going to be for the longarm quilter to attach it to the longarm quilting machine. Yes, this is not a problem for me. In other words the backing should be the biggest. If the quilt top and the backing start out the same size it simply is not possible. Wool is warm and good in cooler climates. It is best to start with a quilt block. I try to give myself at least 2 inches or more. Low loft batting is thinner and shows off the quilting stitches. If the clamps are too close to the edge of the quilt top they can interfere with the quilting machine when quilting and cause all kinds of bobbling of the machine. The batting needed is 51″ (45″ + 6″) x 72″ (66″ + 6″). The reason I tried it was that I wanted the quilt to be much warmer than a single layer of warm and natural would have been. You calculate square inches by multiplying the width by length. There are a few ways to fix this problem, you can add extra fabric to the sides and top and bottom. The other horizontal bar is a belly bar and it just helps keep a good tension on the backing. Your backing and batting should be at least 3" larger on each side than your quilt top. Tools for trimming a quilt to prepare it for binding. 100% Polyester is lightweight and will keep that smooth polished look even after it's washed (particularly if you pre-wash your fabrics). I receive a small monetary compensation for any purchases you might make thru links on my site. The sides should be trimmed evenly and square (no jagged edges or sections that are longer than other sections). If you've acquired a quilt top and want to finish and display it, the process of adding batting requires a bit of effort, but the end result will be worthwhile. There are several different types of batting available on the market today and they offer a variety of finished looks so you should do your research before you decide. Post was not sent - check your email addresses! Find the center of your quilt side (where you are going to attach the border) and mark it with a pin. High loft batting is thicker and fluffier, usually polyester and used more often for tied quilts. How busy is your fabric and/or quilt top. Be sure to place it within the boundaries of the quilt top not the backing or it may end up half on and half off the quilt when finished. ake sure your back fabric is facing out. That means a total of 6-8" longer and 6-8" wider. I just got through spray basting a quilt. Most quilting magazines have a pullout section of quilting basics and most books have a section dedicated to this subject also. A descriptive term for the thickness, height and resilience of quilt batting. Your batting will be 2” longer and wider on each side, so adding 4” to each measure makes your batting size 44” x 64”. Place the batting on top of the backing fabric and trim it to fit. After you have your size and materials mapped out, it’s time to start thinking about your design. Lay the backing fabric right side down on your work surface. For example if your quilt measures 60" wide by 72" long then it would be equal to 4320 square inches. Sorry, your blog cannot share posts by email. The top is then placed onto the batting and basted along the top and sides. Selecting Your Quilt Batting: Okay, now you know what quilt batting is, why you need it, and the common types of batting. I would not choose to do it this way again because of the stiffness. Stitch. Prior to sewing on your first border measure your quilt top down the middle and also on each side of the middle, take the average of those three measurements and that is what you should cut your border fabric. First, youll cut the backing 4 to 6 longer and wider than the quilt top. It should be pressed and free of wrinkles. Most longarmers ask for a backing that is 8-10" larger than the quilt top in each direction, which provides 4-5" of excess backing all the way around the quilt. There are online tools (like the free Quilt Backing and Batting Calculator) that can help you calculate yardage. You should also press open any seam allowances in the backing. At the same time, if you're adding a lot of stitches to the quilt top, the quilt will shrink up a bit, too. The batting also needs to be larger than the top but not larger than the backing. Your backing and batting should be at least 3" larger on each side than your quilt top. I hope this helps you to understand how very important it is to make your backing and batting larger than the top. Definitely, it is actually best if you press as you sew on your quilt top and then give it a final pressing when finished. At this point you could baste the layers together, but I prefer pinning. Your backing was all ready to go for home quilting. Kind of confusing, right? Quilt batting comes in all different sizes, loft weights and fibers. Your backing should also be pressed especially if it is heavily wrinkled. Use scissors to trim long stray threads. No matter what, your backing MUST BE 4-6″ larger than your quilt top, on ALL sides. Completed quilt top Batting Backing Fabric Tape (painters or masking) Safety pins large, clean hard surface It just sticks out past the quilt top barely a half inch. It should be three to four inches larger than your quilt top on all sides—more if you plan intricate quilting stitches as the backing draws inward as quilting stitches are added. I know if you are quilting by hand or on a domestic sewing machine you don’t have to have the backing and the batting larger because you’re pinning the layers together, you don’t have it attached to the machine itself like we do with the longarm. That means your backing should be at least 6" to 8" wider and taller than your quilt top, more if you prefer (and even more backing) to fold it and bring it to the front of the quilt to create a self-binding. As you quilt the presser foot actually pushes the quilt top out a bit further. Doing this you always run the risk of some of that fabric being on the back when finished, but not doing it can also mean you can’t get it longarm quilted. Next the batting goes down with no wrinkles. ! Unclamp everything and readjust the quilt so that unbasted areas are now on top of the table. Example, your quilt top measures 60" x 80" therefore your backing and batting should each measure 66" x 86". If the quilt is 24″ by 30″ then you could use a 8.5″ square-up ruler, and your longer ruler could be 10-15″. Consider the Seam Allowance To complete the sandwich, youll quilt If you choose to send your quilt out to a long arm quilter, they may want a larger square, requiring as much as 4-6 inches of extra batting on each side. Example, your quilt top measures 60" x 80" therefore your backing and batting should each measure 66" x 86". This is one of the single most important things you can do when constructing your quilt to ensure a finished product that you'll be happy with. How much do you want to see the quilting design? Ensure all batting is same type, thickness and/or brand. Your pieced quilt top, backing (pieced to fit, if needed), and batting (backing and batting is at least 4 inches larger than your quilt top on all 4 sides). Here are some examples of what it should look like with the extra fabric on both sides so the clamps can attach and stay out of the way. 1. This is because the batting is held on the machine by rolling it onto a bar/roller. Did you know that the thickness of your batting determines how much larger than your quilt top, the length of your batting should be cut? Read more. It should be 6" larger overall  than your quilt top. No, I need to load each layer onto my machine separately so they should remain apart. 100% cotton batting is cool in summer and warm in winter and will give your quilt an antique look once it is washed. I have the backing a couple inches bigger than the top for a low loft and about five inches for a high loft batting. Batting for your crib-size quilt will measure 45 inches by 60 inches to accommodate a crib-size quilt. Measure your quilt top vertically and horizontally. I piece my backing larger than my batting so that I can see it while quilting. I found minky at the thrift store for a couple dollars that is a perfect match. For example:  your 3 measurements equal 70 down the middle and 70 1/2 on each side of that, cut your border strip 70 1/4. I cut my backing and batting a hands with wider than the quilt top, or about 5 inches. You'll need enough pins to put one every 4-5 inches all over the quilt. We ask for 8" larger, which is outlined at Quilting Services Process. fold back the top and batting and smooth the back into place. Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window), Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window), Click to share on Pinterest (Opens in new window), Click to email this to a friend (Opens in new window). Trim all edges even when finished sewing pieces together. Example of measuring batting from a previous Quilt Along: The batting should be several inches larger than the quilt top all the way around. Quilt Top The top layer of a quilt Sandwich. The batting should be larger than the top to account for any shrinking of the top due to quilting. Let’s take a look at how a longarm quilting machine works. I cannot stress this enough! As for your batting and backing, they should be both cut 6-8 inches larger than the quilt top. (there are other horizontal bars in this picture but they aren’t attached to the quilt. They should be roughly the same size. Strips of muslin or scraps can be basted to the sides to enlarge backing if needed. Make sure your batting is larger than the quilt top. If you need to piece your back you should remove any selvages prior to sewing sections together. In other words the backing should be the biggest of the three layers. Twin-size batting comes in rolls of 72 inches by 96 inches to accommodate a twin-size quilt top. The batting is cut and placed on top of the backing, smoothed out and the bottom end is tucked under the roller bar. Step 4: Lots of Pinning. I can always trim the batting if it is too large but harder to make it bigger if too small, although I have pieced batting together as needed with satisfactory results it is always best to do that before sending it to the longarm quilter. Make sure your backing and batting are larger than your quilt top. Here you see examples of what it looks like to have it too small and how the quilting machine doesn’t have room to work. The backing needs to be at least 3” bigger than the quilt top on all four sides because of these leaders and clamps. The quilt sandwich consists of backing, batting, and the quilt top. Therfore a quilt measuring 60" x 72" would cost $43.20 with meandering, $64.80 with a pantograph and $86.40 & up depending on the type of custom work you want to have done. This is a fact that you may have never crossed your mind. Size: you want your batting to be slightly larger than your quilt top (front) and slightly smaller than your quilt back. On the sides we have to attach it to clamps to keep the backing straight so we don’t end up with puckers. Of course, if you are binding a smaller quilt, you should adjust the size of your rulers to fit the project. 80/20 cotton/poly is lightweight and will allow some shrinkage when washed. To pin baste the quilt layers: 1. Butt edges up to each (don't overlap) and baste together with a whipstitch by hand or use a large zigzag on your machine. Your quilt back should be a MINIMUM of 3-4" bigger than your quilt top on each side. The backing is attached to the muslin leaders on the horizontal bars as shown in this picture. You can learn more about batting in this article I wrote here. By understanding why it’s required for the longarm quilter will give a better quilting experience. I quilted it with a medium to large meander so the quilting is not the reason for the stiffness. Please make your backing and batting 3 to 4 inches bigger on all four sides. This is a great option for quilts and comforters. One of the big things that people always hear from the longarm quilter – I must have the backing 3 to 4 inches bigger than the quilt top on all 4 sides. With a sit-down machine you can get along with only a couple of extra inches all around the quilt. Another option would be to add a row of blocks or another fabric down the middle of the backing, this makes it larger and usually looks really nice, this also prevents having a very small narrow piece of fabric around the outside near the binding after trimming, where the extra fabric with stitched to the backing. 50″ x 50″, your quilt top measures 50″ x 50″, backing. You agree to our privacy policy regarding cookies, tracking statistics, etc trim all edges when. Therefore your backing was all ready to go for home quilting binding is not possible bar a. Is not possible quilt an antique look once it is heavily wrinkled with... Thru links on my site type, thickness and/or brand heavy use matter what, your backing batting... Surface at regular intervals in winter and will allow some shrinkage when washed to enlarge backing if needed leaders! Start with a quilt that won ’ t end up with puckers press any... 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