Here are some epidemics: An endemic disease is restricted to a place, as with malaria, or a people, as with Tay-Sachs. The main difference between epidemic and endemic is that the epidemic is a disease that shows a rapid spread and causes devastation to a particular population whereas the endemic describes a disease regularly found in a population of a particular area. endemic definition: 1. especially of a disease or a condition, regularly found and very common among a particular group….   Epidemic refers to a sudden increase in the number of cases of a disease above what is normally expected. If you want to underscore just how commonly found and present something is within a particular place, try the word endemic. Endemic - describes a disease that is present permanently in a region or population Epidemic - is an outbreak that affects many people at one time and can spread through one or several communities Pandemic - is the term used to describe an epidemic when the spread is global. The disease, however eventually subsides. It stretches over a larger area, infects more people and causes more deaths than an epidemic. An epidemic occurs when a disease is spreading through one or more populations. An epidemicdisease is one “affecting many persons at the same time, and spreading from person to person in a locality where the disease is not permanently prevalent.” The World Health Organization (WHO) further specifies epidemicas occurring at the level of a region or community. Before Hippocrates, epidemios, epidemeo, epidamos, and other variants had meanings similar to the current definitions of "indigenous" or "endemic". Endemic is the spread of a disease or an infectious agent within a geographic area that is existing perpetually and an epidemic is the outbreak of a disease that spreads rapidly affecting a large number of people in a given community within a short period of time. adj. said of plants, animals, and, sometimes, customs, etc. Definition. Before Hippocrates, epidemios, epidemeo, epidamos, and other variants had meanings similar to the current definitions of "indigenous" or "endemic". Whether you live in India or overseas, you can do it here. Subscribe to America's largest dictionary and get thousands more definitions and advanced search—ad free! Endemic is usually an adjective, unlike pandemic and epidemic above. Endemic viruses are always there, with immunity, spread interventions and seasonality all playing a role, Berry said. An epidemic is defined as “an outbreak of disease that spreads quickly and affects many individuals at the same time.” A pandemic is a type of epidemic (one with greater range and coverage), an outbreak of a disease that occurs over a wide geographic area and affects an exceptionally high proportion of … The disease, however eventually subsides. A pandemic is a widespread epidemic that may affect entire continents or even the world: the pandemic of 1918 ushered in a period of frequent epidemics of gradually diminishing severity. Sign up. Define endemic. Epidemic describes a disease that spreads rapidly or the quality of spreading rapidly. Endemic definition, natural to or characteristic of a specific people or place; native; indigenous: endemic folkways;countries where high unemployment is endemic. An Endemic disease can be converted into an epidemic, if the disease-causing virulent strain of a pathogen appears in a large number when most of a population lacks immunity. field of public health, the words endemic, epidemic and pandemic all denote the spread of an infectious disease, but the extent of its spread differs It's free and takes five seconds. epidemic hemorrhagic fever an acute infectious disease thought to be transmitted to humans by mites or chiggers; characteristics include fever, purpura, peripheral vascular collapse, and acute renal failure. Epidemic diseases, on … 1. In epidemiology, an infection is said to be endemic (from Greek ἐν en "in, within" and δῆμος demos "people") in a population when that infection is constantly maintained at a baseline level in a geographic area without external inputs. For example, chickenpox is endemic (steady state) in the United Kingdom, but malaria is not. For example, chickenpox (varicella) is a common occurrence in many countries around the world for school children. (Catalina Island Conservancy). Pandemic It is an outbreak of disease in the form of epidemic that spreads at a global level throughout the world and remains there for sometimes a year or even more wiping out millions of people e.g. (New York Times), Catalina endemic plants are species that occur naturally on Catalina Island and nowhere else in the world. Definition. ENDEMIC Meaning: "particular to a people or locality," 1650s (endemical), with -ic + Greek endemos "native, dwelling in… See definitions of endemic. An endemic disease can simply be referred to as an endemic. (Time). A endemic is an outbreak that occurs at a predictable rate in a certain area or among a set population. endemic: [ en-dem´ik ] present or usually prevalent in a population or geographical area at all times, in contrast to epidemic ; the term is used of a disease or agent. endemic: [ en-dem´ik ] present or usually prevalent in a population or geographical area at all times, in contrast to epidemic ; the term is used of a disease or agent. An Endemic disease can be converted into an epidemic, if the disease-causing virulent strain of a pathogen appears in a large number when most of a population lacks immunity. Epidemic: The occurrence of more cases of a disease than would be expected in a community or region during a given time period. For those who are in a hurry, and just need to know the quick answer, the Merriam-Webster Dictionary of English Usage has the following advice: “Medically speaking, endemic describes a disease that is constantly present to a greater or lesser extent in a particular place; epidemic describes a severe outbreak of a disease affecting many people within a community or region at one time.” For those of … 3. an endemic plant or animal. Learn more. It can be difficult to distinguish between two words when they are spelled in similar fashion, contain a common root, and both have definitions which relate to the same topic. It's free and takes five seconds. In the 1980s, the fast-spreading AIDS epidemic transformed life on our planet. Both endemic and epidemic can be used as adjectives and nouns. The saguaro cactus is endemic, or native, to the American southwest — so watch out for its sharp spines when you're hiking in Arizona! 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