2012 — The city of Sendai, Japan, is recognized as a model for urban resilience for its recovery from the earthquake of 2011. Japan is the country which has recorded the most significant number of tsunamis. Download PDF (Free). A tsunami is a series of very long-wavelength waves in large water bodies like seas or large lakes caused by a major disturbance above or below the water surface or due to the displacement of a large volume of water. 2011 — A magnitude 9.0 earthquake hits off the northeast coast of Japan’s Honshu island, generating a massive tsunami. At 4:11 a.m. on May 23, 1960, for example, an earthquake off Chile spawned tsunami that hit the Pacific coast of Japan at around 2:20 a.m. the following day. … Tsunamis are quite rare in occurrence as compared to other natural disasters, but they are equally damaging. Topics Covered: Important Geophysical phenomena such as earthquakes, Tsunami, Volcanic activity, cyclone etc. 3 The growth of coastal populations, for instance, raises important concerns about increased human exposure to coastal flooding, hurricanes, and tsunamis. Japan, and in particular the big cities along its coast, remain at danger of future tsunamis. Mount Bandai is formed of several overlapping stratovolcanoes, the largest of which is O-Bandai forming a complex volcano. A medium intensity earthquake of 5.1 magnitude rocked Mizoram, Meghalaya, Manipur and the other northeastern States on 21 st June.. Why Mizoram and Tripura are more vulnerable? The tsunami generated in the Indian Ocean in the year 2004 is still considered as the most upsetting tsunami taking more than two hundred thousand lives. Tsunami is a Japanese word for “Harbour wave”. Context:. A magnitude-7.0 earthquake struck southern Japan late last week, less than two days after a 6.2-magnitude temblor rocked the same region, triggering tsunami advisories in the area. Mount Fuji at sunrise from Lake Kawaguchi. The 8.9-magnitude earthquake that struck coastal Japan on Friday, devastating large swaths of the coast and spawning a powerful tsunami, was … Know more about the scales used to measure the magnitude and intensity of earthquakes. They are sometimes referred to as tidal waves because of long wavelengths, although the attractions of the Moon and Sun … For example, researchers argue that in countries such as China, urban earthquakes are more dangerous because of the density of the infrastructure. Undersea earthquakes also expose the Japanese coastline to danger from tsunamis. And while the government tries various approaches to limit the potential damage, like building sea walls, the fight against tsunamis continues. For UPSC 2021 Preparation, follow BYJU'S. 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