King John lost all his territories in mainland Normandy in 1204 to King Philip II Augustus, but retained possession of Jersey and the other Channel Islands. Jersey was part of the Duchy of Normandy, whose dukes went on to become kings of England from 1066. [23] The name Caesarea has been used as the Latin name for Jersey (also in its French version Césarée) since William Camden's Britannia,[24] and is used in titles of associations and institutions today. On the basis of the established principles the Council of Ministers decided to "ensure that Jersey is prepared for external change that may affect the island's formal relationship with the United Kingdom and/or European Union". For the Bailiwick of Guernsey, the rights and obligations that Protocol 3 (see the section called 'Guernsey's relationship with the EU') provided for are, in effect, continuing during the transition period. The highest point on the island is Les Platons at 136 m.[72]. They are a British Crown dependency. In Pereira, the ECJ held that the scope of this article included any matter governed by the Treaties in a territory where the Treaties are fully applicable. 19th-century improvements in transport links brought tourism to the island. Wace, a Norman poet of the 12th century, is Jersey's earliest known author. In January 2011, the Chief Minister designated one of his assistant ministers as having responsibility for external relations; he is now often described as the island's 'foreign minister'. An independent body that promotes sports in Jersey and support clubs, 'Jersey Sport' was launched in 2017[117]. Many place names are in Jèrriais, and French and English place names are also to be found. The Channel Islands have implemented domestic legislation which is essentially equivalent … The first Jèrriais book to be published was Rimes et Poésies Jersiaises de divers auteurs réunies et mises en ordre, edited by Abraham Mourant in 1865. The Atlantic Ocean has a moderating effect on temperature in Jersey, as water has a much greater specific heat capacity than air and tends to heat and cool slowly throughout the year. [138] The Jersey Fire and Rescue Service and the Royal National Lifeboat Institution operate an inshore rescue and lifeboat service; Channel Islands Air Search provides rapid response airborne search of the surrounding waters.[139]. Jersey Island is certainly not the largest since it is only 8 kilometers long and 14.5 kilometers wide. [63] This will continue until the end of the Brexit transition period. Jersey has only one newspaper, the Jersey Evening Post, which is printed six days a week, and has been in publication since 1890. [59] However, Jersey did not appear on the list of European States and Territories outside the Union and the Communities prepared by the European Council and the Commission. The most notable exurban development is the Les Quennevais area, which is home to a small precinct of shops, a park and a leisure centre. In October 2012, the Council of Ministers issued a "Common policy for external relations"[14] which noted "that it is not Government policy to seek independence from the United Kingdom, but rather to ensure that Jersey is prepared if it were in the best interests of islanders to do so". Jersey has adopted the 112 emergency number alongside its existing 999 emergency number. As a result, Jersey was not part of the single market in financial services. In July 2014, the Jersey Financial Services Commission approved the establishment of the world's first regulated Bitcoin fund, at a time when the digital currency was being accepted by some local businesses. The island was therefore within the scope of the Treaties to a limited extent, as a European Territory. You are not required to go through formal passport checks when travelling within the CTA, although airlines will require you to present some form of photographic identification. Jersey has one of the lowest voter turno… 5. He did this by making promises and threats of war if his persuasion failed. [70] It is the largest and southernmost of the Channel Islands and part of the British Isles, with a maximum land elevation of 143 m (469 ft) above sea level. Cider used to be an important export. After the war of 1204 in which King James’ army was defeated by the King Philippe-Augustine’s of France at the battle of Roune, King James worked hard to convince the neighboring isles not to align themselves with the victorious French King. The levying of impôts (duties) different from those of the United Kingdom was granted by Charles II and remained in the hands of the Assembly of Governor, Bailiff and Jurats until 1921 when that body's tax raising powers were transferred to the Assembly of the States, leaving the Assembly of Governor, Bailiff and Jurats to serve simply as licensing bench for the sale of alcohol (this fiscal reform also stripped the Lieutenant-Governor of most of his effective remaining administrative functions). [128], Notable marine species[129] include the ormer, conger, bass, undulate ray, grey mullet, ballan wrasse and garfish. On 18 February 2005, Jersey was granted Fairtrade Island status.[84]. The Connétable is the head of each parish, elected at a public election for a four-year term to run the parish and to represent the municipality in the States Assembly. Water in Jersey is almost exclusively from rainfall-dependent surface water. Jersey milk being very rich, cream and butter have played a large part in insular cooking. [citation needed]. Jersey belongs to the Common Travel Area[94] and the definition of "United Kingdom" in the British Nationality Act 1981 is interpreted as including the UK and the Islands together.[18]. Search. Jersey is the home of the Jersey Zoo (formerly known as the Durrell Wildlife Park[122]) founded by the naturalist, zookeeper and author Gerald Durrell. Channel 103 is a commercial radio station. Jersey is NOT part of Great Britain. Treasure islands: Tax havens and the men who stole the world. [4] Jersey cattle are a small breed of cow widely known for its rich milk and cream; the quality of its meat is also appreciated on a small scale. It measures roughly 9 miles from west to east and 5 miles north to south, which gives it the affectionate name among locals of "nine-by-five". By Vic Lang'at Junior on December 14 2018 in World Facts. English en. The Open University supports students in Jersey, but they pay higher fees than UK students. Jersey has one un-roofed skateboarding park. Jersey national football team plays in the annual Muratti competition among others. Evidence of Bronze Age and early Iron Age settlements can be found in many locations around the island. The UK has confirmed that the Crown dependencies position will be argued in the Brexit negotiations. The highest temperature recorded was 36.0 °C (96.8 °F) on 9 August 2003 and again on 23 July 2019,[77] and the lowest temperature recorded was −10.3 °C (13.5 °F) on 5 January 1894. United Kingdom immigration legislation may be extended to Jersey by order in council (subject to exceptions and adaptations) following consultation with Jersey and with Jersey's consent. [66] Proposals for Jersey independence continue to be discussed outside the States. Jersey issues its own postage stamps and Jersey banknotes and coins that circulate with UK coinage, Bank of England notes, Scottish notes and Guernsey currency within the island. GETTY. There is also a taxi network. Contemporary authors based in Jersey include Jack Higgins. The island is characetrised by a number of valleys which generally run north-to-south, such as Waterworks Valley, Grands Vaux, Mont les Vaux, although a few run in other directions, such as Le Mourier Valley. [98] Although Jersey citizens are full British citizens, an endorsement restricting the right of establishment in European Union states other than the UK is placed in the passports of British citizens connected solely with the Channel Islands and Isle of Man. Jersey law has been influenced by several different legal traditions, in particular Norman customary law, English common law and modern French civil law. [92] Approximately half the island's population was born in Jersey; 31% of the population were born elsewhere in the British Isles, 7% in continental Portugal or Madeira, 8% in other European countries and 4% elsewhere.[93]. Jersey has a large network of lanes, some of which are classified as green lanes, which have a 15 mph speed limit and where priority is afforded to pedestrians, cyclists and horse riders. It did, however, have a relationship with the EU governed by article 335(5)(c) TFEU giving effect to Protocol 3 to the UK's Treaty of Accession in 1972. [133] It is easily recognisable and has hollow stems with small white flowers that are produced in late summer. The growth of tourism attracted staff from the United Kingdom. People travelling to Jersey from any other European Union (EU) and Eu… Harry Vardon's brother, Tom Vardon, had wins on various European tours. Jersey Reds compete in the English rugby union system;[115] after four promotions in five seasons, the last three of which were consecutive, they competed in the second-level RFU Championship in 2012–13.[116]. The motto around the milled edge of Jersey pound coins is Insula Caesarea (Island of Jersey). Some Jersey-born people identify as British. However, the Channel Islands Brussels Office (CIBO) ensures that Jersey’s interests are promoted in Europe. [143], Click on a coloured area to see an article about English in that country or region, This article is about the island in the English Channel. [126] The remaining population of agile frogs on Jersey is very small and is restricted to the south west of the island. The Latin name Caesarea was also applied to the colony of New Jersey as Nova Caesarea.[25][26]. Its official name was the Treaty Establishing the European Economic Community. The island is divided into twelve parishes, the largest of which is St Ouen and the smallest of which is St Clement. There is free movement of goods and trade between the island and Member States. The referendum was known as Brexit. Until the 1960s, the population had been relatively stable for decades at around 60,000 (excluding the Occupation years). The Treaty of Rome . The primary suburban areas of St Helier consist of the Five Oaks area in St Saviour, and developments along the coast, primarily along main roads to east and west of the town. During the 20th century, British cultural influence saw an intense language shift take place and Jersey today is predominantly English-speaking. The large Art Deco Forum Cinema was opened in 1935 – during the German occupation this was used for German propaganda films. It lies within longitude -2° W and latitude 49° N. It has a coastline that is 70 km long and a total area of 119 square kilometres. The Code of Conduct Group,[85] at least in theory, keeps most of its documentation and discussion confidential. For immigration and nationality purposes, the United Kingdom generally treats Jersey as though it were part of the UK. Switzerland, previously participating, was neither an EU nor EEA member but was part of the single market so Swiss nationals had the same rights to live and work in EEA countries as other EEA nationals. Birds on the Edge, a project between the Government of Jersey, Durrell Wildlife Conservation Trust and Jersey National Trust, is working to restore Jersey's coastal habitats and reinstate the red-billed chough (and other bird species) to the island[125], Jersey is the only place in the British Isles where the agile frog Rana dalmatina is found. ", "States of Jersey (Miscellaneous Provisions) Law 2011", "Council of Ministers adopts 'Government of Jersey' identity", "Public Hearing – Review of the Roles of the Crown Officers", "Study Guide on Jersey Legal System and Constitutional Law", "Meet our new foreign minister « This Is Jersey", "TAX INFORMATION EXCHANGE AGREEMENTS (TIEAs)", Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union, "Status of Channel Islands in the European Union", "Channel Islands appoint representative in Brussels", "Second Interim Report of the Constitution Review Group", "Sovereignty or dependency on agenda at conference", "Independence 'may be only option if Brexit deal is bad, https://www.gov.je/Government/JerseyInFigures/Environment/Pages/SizeLandCover.aspx, "States of Jersey - Revised 2011 Island Plan", "Jersey Census 2001: Chapter 2: Population Characteristics", "CROPP contracts brings profitability to Ohio grass-based, organic dairies", "Harmful tax competition – Taxation and Customs Union – European Commission", "EUR-Lex - 52019XG0326(01) - EN - EUR-Lex", https://www.gov.je/Government/FreedomOfInformation/pages/foi.aspx?ReportID=1395, "Lords Hansard text for 6 Dec 2001 (211206-28)", "Jersey approve Bitcoin fund launch on island", "Visas / entry clearances / work permit issue", "gov.je – Migration Monitoring and Regulation", "Answer by Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State, Home Office, (Lord West of Spithead) in UK House of Lords 18 January 2010", "gov.je – Passports – I have an observation in my passport that says – the holder is not entitled to benefit from EC Provisions relating to employment and settlement – what does that mean? Shaxson, N. (2011). There is one facility for extreme sports and some facilities for youth sports. They were named after the Christian saints to whom their ancient parish churches were dedicated: The parishes of Jersey are further divided into vingtaines (or, in St. Ouen, cueillettes), divisions that are historic. The impact of the Atlantic Ocean and coastal winds ensure that Jersey is slightly cooler than the southern and central parts of England during the summer months. The island is particularly famous for the Battle of Flowers, a carnival held annually since 1902. Frederick Tennyson and Gerald Durrell were among authors who made Jersey their home. In 2017, 101 water pollution incidents were reported, an increase of 5% on 2016. A Catholic order of Sisters has a presence in school life. The plateau is cut by valleys running generally north–south. Historical large-scale immigration was facilitated by the introduction of steamships (from 1823). The Jersey cricket team plays in the Inter-insular match among others. The Institute of Law also runs a 'double degree' course: students can obtain the LLB from the University of London and a Licence en droit M1 from Toulouse 1 Capitol University; the two combine 4 years of studies in both English and French. Jersey has four designated Ramsar sites: Les Pierres de Lecq, Les Minquiers, Les Écréhous and Les Dirouilles and the south east coast of Jersey (a large area of intertidal zone).[121]. However, Jersey is part of the European Union Customs Union, meaning that there is free movement of goods and trade between the island and the EU. During the Second World War, some citizens were evacuated to the UK but most remained. Jersey is currently part of the EU Customs Union by virtue of Protocol 3, which also provides (with limited exceptions) for the free movement of persons between Jersey and the EU. Jersey has two public indoor swimming pools. [18] The European Commission confirmed in a written reply to the European Parliament in 2003[19] that Jersey was within the Union as a European Territory for whose external relationships the UK is responsible. [27] The ending -ey denotes an island[28][29] (as in Guernsey or Surtsey). "The Crown" is defined by the Law Officers of the Crown as the "Crown in right of Jersey". Of those that specified a denomination of Christianity, equal proportions were 'Catholic' or 'Roman Catholic' (43%) as were 'Anglican' or 'Church of England' (44%). Statement by the Chief Minister regarding the appointment of a new Chief Executive to the Council of Ministers. [102] Other festivals include La Fête dé Noué[103] (Christmas festival), La Faîs'sie d'Cidre (cidermaking festival),[104] the Battle of Britain air display, Jersey Live Music Festival, Branchage Film Festival, food festivals, and parish events. Centeniers are elected at a public election within each parish for a term of three years to undertake policing within the parish. Jersey’s financiers are offering the British government advice on how the City of London can access lucrative EU markets once Brexit takes place. The Jersey Football Combination has nine teams in its top division. Jersey is constitutionally entitled to restrict immigration[95] by non-Jersey residents, but control of immigration at the point Jersey Through the Centuries, Leslie Sinel, Jersey 1984, A Biographical Dictionary of Jersey, G.R. The freedom of movement under the prior EC régime was and remains a separate set of rights from the Citizen rights under article 20 and 21 TFEU which include the right to move and reside. Apples historically were an important crop. Private sector higher education providers include the Jersey International Business School. Jersey's unicameral legislature is the States Assembly. 35% of Jersey's imported power comes from hydro-electric sources and 65% from nuclear sources. Although diplomatic representation is reserved to the Crown, Jersey has been developing its own international identity over recent years. It was not required to implement EU Directives on such matters as the movement of capital, company law or money laundering. The EEA Treaty is a commercial treaty and differs from the EU Treaties in certain key respects. This has made it a haven for 'duty-free' shopping, and as it is also exempt from VAT many retailers have set up distribution centers and offices here in order to pass on the savings to their customers. Formerly, the senior Centenier of each parish (entitled the Chef de Police) deputised for the Connétable in the States of Jersey when the Connétable was unable to attend a sitting of the States. The Jersey Film Society was founded on 11 December 1947 at the Café Bleu, West's Cinema. In 2017, 52% of the Island's area was agricultural land (a decrease since 2009). Davies, Religion, History and G.R. Shepard, Secretary. The British Isles were formed due to the movement and collision of tectonic plates. Administratively, Jersey is divided into 12 parishes. Thanks to specialisation in a few high-return sectors, at purchasing power parity Jersey has high economic output per capita, substantially ahead of all of the world's large developed economies. However, Switzerland no longer participates in the European Economic Area. He is a point of contact between Jersey ministers and the United Kingdom government and carries out executive functions in relation to immigration control, deportation, naturalisation and the issue of passports. Jersey is neither a Member State of the European Union, nor does it have a European Union Association Agreement. 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